Thursday, 22 October 2015
Everything in nature has a purpose. Nothing exists for nothing.
So, it is not surprising to read in The Guardian's Natural Health page that termites have both dietary and medicinal benefits.
Growing up, one enjoyed staying awake to harvest akumkpu for consumption. I remember grandma using it to garnish African salad which serves as one of the favourite delicacies in the South East part of Nigeria and I feel like having a bowl of right away.
Read the details below as reported in the Guardian. Who knows, you may consider termite a healthy part of your family menu.
In Nigeria, termites are usually roasted and eaten as food, mostly during the rainy season.
But can termites be the next therapeutic resource for the treatment of asthma, hoarseness and sinusitis, wounds, malnutrition, nutrient deficiency, sickness of pregnant women and as a charm for spiritual protection?
Recent studies suggest that, in addition to their ecological importance, termites are a source of medicinal and food resources to various human populations in various locations of the world, showing their potential for being used as an alternative protein source in human or livestock diets, as well as a source for new medicines.
Nigerian researchers have determined the nutrient composition and the toxicant level of the commonly eaten termites (Macrotermes bellicosus) castes in Niger-Delta region of Nigeria.
Macrotermes bellicosus are known to the Ibos as Aku; to the Hausa as Khiyea; Esusun in Yoruba; and Ebu in Annang.
The study titled “Evaluation of Nutritional Value of Termites (Macrotermes
bellicosus): Soldiers, Workers, and Queen in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria” was published in International Journal of Food Nutrition and Safety.
The researchers include: A. I. Ntukuyoh, D. S. Udiong, E. Ikpe, and A. E. Akpa Kpan of the Department of Chemistry, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State.
Queen, soldiers and workers of termites (Macrotermes bellicosus) were
analyzed for proximate composition, vitamin, mineral elements and anti-nutrient content.
Proximate composition showed that crude protein content of the soldiers was higher than those of workers and Queen. The highest mineral element was sodium in queen, while the least mineral was manganese in the soldiers. The termites were rich in vitamins A and C. Workers termites had the highest vitamin C content, while Queen had the highest vitamin A content. Anti-nutrient compositions in Macrotermes bellicosus were considerably low.
Macortermes bellicosus constitute a significant component of diet among the people of the Niger-Delta region in Nigeria.
A number of insect and their products are used as food items in some parts of Nigeria and to a large extent eaten as tit bits or exclusively by children. Insects have played an important role in the history of human nutrition and it is probable that the first hominids in African were eating insects. Insects including termites are good sources of protein with high fat content (and thus energy) and many important minerals and vitamins.
In assessing the nutritive value or food value of termites, its anti-nutrient content, mineral element and lipids characteristics are considered to assess whether termites are nutritive or not. Phytic acid is one of the important parameter that makes-up anti-nutrients in living organism and it interfere with utilization of manganese, iron and calcium. It inhibits the absorption of iron, zinc and calcium, and the deficiencies of these elements cause Anamia osteomalacia and even rickets.
Phytic acid content of termite (adult) winged stands out as the only nutritional factor that would contradict our recommendation for heavy consumption and food fortification of insects. This is general for most tropical insects including termites and has been implicated for growth inhibition in day old chicks. In man the surplus consumption of the inorganic mineral (magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) which are sequestered by phytic acid would circumvent the deficiency anticipated.
Lethal dose of oxalic acid has been reported as 2.5 g, and a person in western Nigeria may consume 11.6 g of oxalate, it therefore means that without detoxication, it would not be safe to consume them due to oxalate toxication.
Termites can be used as food for non-human primates. Suzuki (1966) described insect eating primarily ants and termites by wild chimpanzees in cites of Tanzania, and other studies were on the eating of insects by chimpanzees, Japanese monkeys and baboons. Termites are eaten in several parts of Nigeria and it is also used for rituals and medicinal purposes.
In India termites and even its termitaria have medicinal usages as termites based medicinal companies are established. In East Africa, termite mounds are considered so important that they are owned by individual and form part of his inheritance when he dies.
Also, a recent review has shown that termites are commonly used insects in traditional popular medicine. They are used in the treatment of various diseases that affect humans, such as influenza, asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, sinusitis, tonsillitis and hoarseness.
The study titled “Edible and medicinal termites: a global overview” was published in the Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine and BioMed Central.
According to the study, additionally, these animals have historically been an important source of food that may contribute to improving human diet, particularly for people who suffer from malnutrition due to a deficit of protein, as they are considered a non-conventional food with great economic and social importance. They have been consumed for generations in many regions of the world, a practice that has increased in popularity in recent years.
For medicinal purposes, the use of ten species of termites was recorded. These species are used as an alternative treatment for physiological and spiritual problems. The species Nasutitermes macrocephalus was the most frequently recorded, and it is widely used in Brazil as a therapeutic resource for the treatment of asthma, hoarseness and sinusitis, among other diseases. Another example is Macrotermes nigeriensis, which is used in Nigeria in the treatment of wounds, sickness of pregnant women and as a charm for spiritual protection.
The use of termites as a therapeutic resource also revealed an important mode of use of these animals. Evidence of antimicrobial activity of products isolated from these animals has been reported, such as peptides like espinigerine and termicine, isolated from Pseudocanthotermes spiniger, which showed antifungal and antibacterial activities.
Culled from ngrguardiannews.com
Posted by https://gozzylous.blogspot.com/ at 03:52:00
Wednesday, 21 October 2015
Nigeria's largest Carrier; Arik Air has grounded two of her aircraft following a collision at the domestic wing of the Lagos airport yesterday.
A statement from the airline disclosed that “two of our aircraft, Boeing 737-800NG were this afternoon involved in a wing-tip brush at the General Aviation Terminal (GAT) of the Murtala Muhammed Airport, Ikeja, Lagos”.
According to the spokesperson of the airline Mr. Adebanji Ola “one of the aircraft, 5N-MJP was marshaled out of the ramp for a scheduled flight when its wing brushed that of another aircraft, 5N-MJQ parked on the ramp”
While confirming that the two aircraft involved have been grounded for investigation, Mr. Ola said that “there were no incidences as the safety of passengers was not jeopardized”
It will be recalled that First Nation and Emirates aircrafts have also been involved in ground collision at the Lagos airport recently.
Posted by https://gozzylous.blogspot.com/ at 01:47:00
Tuesday, 20 October 2015
A survey carried out by SleepingInAirports has placed our own Port Harcourt Airport as the worst in terms of corruption and traveller’s airport experience. Also, people who work at the airport have been fingered as contributing to this negative image with their unpleasant and unhelpful attitude.
According to the report released by www.sleepinginairports.net the data was collected by “asking travellers to rate their airport experiences based on the services and facilities available within the terminal, cleanliness, customer service, comfort and their overall airport experience”
The report revealed that though a lot of airports worldwide performed poorly, those that are rated the worst got the most negative feedback from voters over the past year.
The category of worst airports which Port Harcourt Airport champions fell short of “providing any kind of enjoyable overall airport experience. Instead, they're dirty, with virtually no seating, broken air-conditioning and a tent for an Arrivals Hall” the report added.
The report however noted that with the ongoing renovation works at the airport, travellers should expect to see some positive changes.
With this kind of rating, one expects that the Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria will wake up to her responsibility of developing and managing airport infrastructure for the benefit of the flying public.
Also, with the Independent Corrupt Practices Commission now present at airports in Nigeria, it is expected that the issue of corruption will be reduced to the barest minimum.
Posted by https://gozzylous.blogspot.com/ at 08:33:00
Monday, 19 October 2015
Celebrity female blogger ;Linda Ikeji has rolled out her success story to inspire women to embrace entrepreneurship and self reliance in order to attain their full potential and enjoy the best life has to offer.
Sharing the excitement of acquiring a new house at the elite Banana Island Ikoyi on her blog Linda
says “I bought a two-storey luxury house in the exclusive Banana Island area of Ikoyi...and to be honest, I still can't believe it. It's everything I prayed my house would be”
While urging Young women to believe in themselves, Linda says:
“Listen, you are beautiful and you are stronger than you know. There's absolutely nothing you can't achieve if you set your mind to it, put your heart and soul into it.
Up until five years ago, I was a struggling entrepreneur. I can't tell you how many offices in this Lagos I sat in for hours waiting to see people who could support my business...but most times, I never passed the reception area. But I never gave up and I never stopped believing and here I am today”
And to think that Linda is coming from a culture where women are viewed as inferior to men, her parents must be proud seeing that their daughter is worth many sons.
This goes to demonstrate that a woman has an inbuilt capacity to triumph in life if only she takes the
courage to launch out and take the world in her hands.
Linda’s success story is a testimony that prayers, hardwork and consistency deliver excellent results.
Linda is evidence that life is meant to be worked through not slept through.
Women must learn to work their way to the top as sleeping to get up there will always limit them to
See pictures of her house below as displayed on her blog lindaikejisblog.com.
Be inspired as well because me, myself and I have been greatly inspired.
It's a woman's world !!!
My house, my mum and my car...:-)
It's a glass house so you can see everything that's happening outside...:-)
Still the sitting room
The pool area
Happy woman. Had to wear my Selfmade Tee...:-)
The lawn - working on it to make it more lovely
Other side of the building...
They are cleaning the pool. Who wants to come teach me how to swim? :-)
Walking in my bedroom
Still my bedroom. Has a lounge area...lol. Choi!
And my walk-in closet...my bags and shoes are so happy! :-)
I'm having them add some things so work is on going there
And the most grand part of the house is my luxury bathroom...it has a Jacuzzi, bathtub and shower...
Me in my bathroom! Can't believe this is my life now...
The view from my Jacuzzi
My Penthouse Terrace
My parents looking around in amazement...lol. My mum couldn't believe this is her new home...lol
The kitchen...my mum's favourite part of the house
Living in the house with my family. When I marry, I will move out! *sad face*..lol
The house is spectacular at night...
Culled from lindaikejisblog.com
Posted by https://gozzylous.blogspot.com/ at 05:47:00